MIZORAM IS one of the seven sisters states in the
North-East India and is a land of
rolling hills, valleys, rivers and lakes. Its location, good climatic conditions along with well-distributed
rainfall have endowed the state with a wide spectrum of rich and varied flora
Bamboo is a way of life for the people of Mizoram and
bamboo has much to offer by way of contributing to socio-economic advancement
of the state. It is used extensively in household construction, as food and for
handicrafts, etc. It has immense
potential in improving the rural economy, promoting industrial development and
establishing a sound economic base for the state on sustained basis.
The latest survey could identify 35 species under
nine genera including those introduced, of which Melocana bacciferra occupies
more than 90 per cent. An intensive survey for identification of unidentified
bamboos is still required.
Recently, the bamboo resources of the state have been
assessed by the North-East Space Application Centre, Shillong, sponsored by
Mizoram and estimated the total growing stock to the tune of 56,02,69,931 nos.
with an annual yield of 11,20,53,986 nos. (1120540 tonnes approx).
Ten central nurseries and a number of satellite
nurseries have been set up under NBM. From these nurseries, millions of bamboo seedlings are produced each
year to meet the requirement for NBM plantations and the total amount involved
was Rs 40.74 lakh.
Species Planted Under NBM
The following species of bamboos are being
multiplied/planted in Mizoram:
balcoa, Bambusa bamboos, Bambusa nutans, Bambusa tulda, Dendrocalamus asper,
Dendrocalamus hamiltonii, Dendrocalamus longispathus, Dendrocalamus
sikkimensis, Dendrocalamus strictus, Schizostachyum dullooa.
Besides these, Phyllostachys, a native to China, is pubescens (Mosso) experimented at
some higher elevation plantations. However, its performance is not satisfactory since the altitude is not
high enough for high altitude species like Mosso.
Out of these nurseries, NBM Mizoram has converted
into plantations on degraded areas having 27,852 Ha. Within forest areas, 10700
Ha. Outside forest areas it has also taken up 7476 Ha. under improvement of
existing bamboo forests from 2006-07 to 2012-13.
As a result of financial support from NBM, a number
of bamboo-based industries have came up recently, and few of them are already
in production stage while others are about to start production. The products/products-to-be include bamboo
mat ply, bamboo board, bamboo vinegar, bamboo charcoal, charcoal powder,
activated charcoal, chipped bamboo, etc. Further, handicraft industry has also been
improved. The main products include
traditional bamboo cap, Rice-cleaning plate, bamboo basket, bamboo bags, bamboo
curtain, tea coaster, various ornamental articles, etc. Besides these, to
promote and strengthen marketing infrastructure, construction of bamboo
wholesale and retail market, bamboo bazaar, retail outlets, post-harvest
storage and treatment facilities etc. have been undertaken. Further, workers
are exposed to participate in Domestic as well as international trade fair to
gain more knowledge and marketing scope. The result found so far is satisfactory, and marketing door is now
opening wider and wider in India and abroad.