NBM at a glance - Mizoram NBM

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NBM at a glance

           MIZORAM IS one of the seven sisters states in the North-East India and is a land of rolling hills, valleys, rivers and lakes. Its location, good climatic conditions along with well-distributed rainfall have endowed the state with a wide spectrum of rich and varied flora and fauna.
          Bamboo is a way of life for the people of Mizoram and bamboo has much to offer by way of contributing to socio-economic advancement of the state. It is used extensively in household construction, as food and for handicrafts, etc. It has immense potential in improving the rural economy, promoting industrial development and establishing a sound economic base for the state on sustained basis.
          The latest survey could identify 35 species under nine genera including those introduced, of which Melocana bacciferra occupies more than 90 per cent. An intensive survey for identification of unidentified bamboos is still required.
          Recently, the bamboo resources of the state have been assessed by the North-East Space Application Centre, Shillong, sponsored by Mizoram and estimated the total growing stock to the tune of 56,02,69,931 nos. with an annual yield of 11,20,53,986 nos. (1120540 tonnes approx).

Nurseries :
           Ten central nurseries and a number of satellite nurseries have been set up under NBM. From these nurseries, millions of bamboo seedlings are produced each year to meet the requirement for NBM plantations and the total amount involved was Rs 40.74 lakh.
Bamboo Species Planted Under NBM
            The following species of bamboos are being multiplied/planted in Mizoram:
Bambusa balcoa, Bambusa bamboos, Bambusa nutans, Bambusa tulda, Dendrocalamus asper, Dendrocalamus hamiltonii, Dendrocalamus longispathus, Dendrocalamus sikkimensis, Dendrocalamus strictus, Schizostachyum dullooa.
           Besides these, Phyllostachys, a native to China, is pubescens (Mosso) experimented at some higher elevation plantations. However, its performance is not satisfactory since the altitude is not high enough for high altitude species like Mosso.
            Out of these nurseries, NBM Mizoram has converted into plantations on degraded areas having 27,852 Ha. Within forest areas, 10700 Ha. Outside forest areas it has also taken up 7476 Ha. under improvement of existing bamboo forests from 2006-07 to 2012-13.
Bamboo-Based Industries :
            As a result of financial support from NBM, a number of bamboo-based industries have came up recently, and few of them are already in production stage while others are about to start production. The products/products-to-be include bamboo mat ply, bamboo board, bamboo vinegar, bamboo charcoal, charcoal powder, activated charcoal, chipped bamboo, etc. Further, handicraft industry has also been improved. The main products include traditional bamboo cap, Rice-cleaning plate, bamboo basket, bamboo bags, bamboo curtain, tea coaster, various ornamental articles, etc. Besides these, to promote and strengthen marketing infrastructure, construction of bamboo wholesale and retail market, bamboo bazaar, retail outlets, post-harvest storage and treatment facilities etc. have been undertaken. Further, workers are exposed to participate in Domestic as well as international trade fair to gain more knowledge and marketing scope. The result found so far is satisfactory, and marketing door is now opening wider and wider in India and abroad.
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